Some aspects of rabies in Russia
Rabies as a disease is known and described in ancient times. Already at that time a link was established between the disease and animal bites. In the second half of the 19th century, Louis Pasteur and his staff prepared a vaccine and developed a system of immunization against rabies. This practice was quickly picked up in Russia, where Pasteur stations were created, which carried out Pasteur's ideas to life. Later it turned out that the Pasteur fixed vaccine strain on the antigenic structure is more complete, more universal than many of those now allocated from humans and animals.
There are the following variants of the rabies virus:
- Typical (street) rabies virus
- African Canine Rabies Virus
- Virus of chalking
- American rabies bat virus
According to modern concepts, all of these viruses belong to the same type of rabies virus.
The most resistant rabies virus in the environment has been isolated from bats.
Sources of infection are sick animals —wolves, foxes, jackals, raccoon dogs, cats, etc.
To humans, the virus enters through the saliva of these animals during bite-attack, scratching, salivation.
Rabies vaccines and an anti-rabies gamma globulin are used for treatment and prophylaxis.
About 250 thousand people receive a specific anti-rabies treatment in Russia every year.
Local anti-rabies vaccines and immunoglobulins are used for treatment-and-prophylactic and prophylactic immunization.