Typhoid Fever Is A Risk When Visiting Pakistan
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a statement that indicates anyone traveling to Pakistan is at risk of developing drug-resistant, Extensively Drug-Resistant (XDR) Typhoid Fever.
And this XDR typhoid fever risk is the greatest for adolescents.
The CDC reported January 11, 2019, that 29 Americans who had visited Pakistan between 2016-18 were diagnosed with XDR Typhi typhoid fever.
Five of those patients were adolescents.
In Pakistan, typhoid cases have been detected in Karachi and Hyderabad, with recent reports increasing the number of cases to 5,372 during 2018.
Worldwide, approximately 12–27 million cases of typhoid fever occur annually.
In the United States, approximately 350 culture-confirmed cases are reported to CDC each year. Most U.S. patients report having traveled internationally within the preceding 30 days.
The spread of the XDR Typhi strain from Pakistan to neighboring countries, such as India, might occur, says the CDC.
Approximately 2.4 million trips from the United States to India were taken in 2017 and these returning travelers from India typically account for 57–69 percent of typhoid fever cases reported to CDC.
Which could expand the risk of a worldwide outbreak.
Typhoid fever is a systemic febrile illness that requires prompt antibiotic treatment, says the CDC.
Symptoms of typhoid fever often include high fever, weakness, stomach pain, headache, cough, and loss of appetite. Some people have diarrhea or constipation.
In rare cases, typhoid fever can be fatal.
Source: Precision Vaccinations